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American Cancer Society Reports Over 25% Reduction in US Cancer Mortality Over Past 25 Years

By | News

A recent issue of CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians published a study by researchers at the American Cancer Society (ACS), reporting that the US cancer death rate declined by 1.7% in 2015, capping a 26% decline in the US cancer death rate from 215 per 100,000 population in 1991 down to 158.6 per 100,000 in 2015. This works out to over 2.3 million cancer deaths avoided had the death rate not declined.

The decline in cancer deaths is heavily driven by a reduction in the number of people smoking, with the result that the death rate from lung cancer, which still represents the largest cause of cancer deaths, has dropped 45% among men from 1990-2015, and by 19% among women from 2002-2015.

Here in WV, the ACS projects over 12,000 new cases of cancer, and 4900 cancer deaths, in 2018.

Breast Cancer and Meat Consumption

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A recent study published in the European Journal of Cancer by a group of investigators from Glasgow, Scotland, described over 260,000 women ages 40-69 years, who were queried about their consumption of red and processed meats, and were followed for an average of 7 years to see if their diet affected the incidence of breast cancer.
Among women with the highest level of consumption of processed meats, there was a significant increase in the incidence of breast cancer, which reflected the results found in 10 similar prior studies enrolling 1.65 million women. This association was seen in post-menopausal women only.
There was no association of red meat consumption and breast cancer.
So hold the cold cuts, but go ahead and dive into that steak.

Association Between Vegetarian Diet and Depression in Men

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A recent report from the Journal of Affective Disorders described nearly 10,000 men who were queried about their identification as vegetarian or vegan, as well as depressive symptoms. The investigators adjusted for socio-demographic factors including age, marital status, number of children, employment, history of depression or other psychiatric contact, among others. They found that vegetarian men had significantly more depressive symptoms than men who were not vegetarians. The investigators posed nutritional deficiency, for example, iron or vitamin B12, as a possible explanation, although the causation could in the opposite direction, since it is also possible that there is something about depression that predisposes men to a vegetarian diet.
It is worth pointing out here that archery season for deer has already started here in WV, so get your bow, go out into the woods, and be happy!

Drink to Your Health — with Coffee

By | News

Two recent articles in the Annals of Internal Medicine suggest that coffee drinking may be good for your health.
One reviewed data from over 500,000 individuals from 10 European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. With an average follow up of >16 years, the investigators found a significant reduction in all-cause mortality when those who drank coffee were compared to those who didn’t. Drinking one cup per day was associated with a 12% decrease in the risk of death, while drinking 2-3 cups per day was associated with an 18% reduction. The reduction in mortality was 12% for men and 8% for women, and did not vary by country.
The second reviewed data from nearly 60,000 individuals participating in the Multi-ethnic Cohort study in Los Angeles and Hawaii. With an average follow up of >16 years, the investigators found that compared with drinking no coffee, coffee consumption was associated with lower total mortality after adjustment for smoking and other factors. Specific benefit was seen for deaths from circulatory and digestive diseases.
I take mine black. No sugar, thanks.