A publication from a Canadian group this week in The Lancet described findings from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology study, which enrolled over 135,000 individuals from 18 different countries across 5 continents, including people from North and South America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, China, and South Asia. Participants provided data about their socioeconomic situation, lifestyle, and medical issues, and were followed up for an average of 7.5 years. A higher total fat intake – providing 35% of calories – was linked with a 23% lower death rate from all causes, while a higher carbohydrate intake – providing 77% of calories – was linked with a 28% higher death rate from all causes. A separate publication from the same group found that consuming 3-4 servings of fruits, vegetables, and legumes (beans, peas, lentils, etc.) – equivalent to about 16 ounces – reduced the risk of death. There was little benefit found for a higher intake, and fruit intake was associated with a higher benefit than vegetables. Furthermore, raw vegetables were more healthful than cooked vegetables.